Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.002316
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Review

Early diagnosis of atherosclerosis with panoramic radiographs: a review

O diagnóstico precoce de aterosclerose através de radiografias panorâmicas: uma revisão

Daiane Landim Borba, Ulisses Vilela Hipólito, Yamba Carla Lara Pereira

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Abstract

Carotid artery disease has been linked with cerebral vascular accident, also known as stroke, cerebral hemorrhage, or cerebral ischemia. It is caused by narrowing or obstruction of arteries in the neck (the carotid arteries) that are responsible for transporting blood from the aorta to the brain. Panoramic radiographs are used in dentistry to show both dental arches as a supplement to the clinical dental examination. The objective of this study is to highlight the importance of panoramic radiographs for diagnosis of arterial disease, by means of a bibliographic review. The PubMed database was searched using the keywords “atherosclerosis” and “panoramic”, with the filters “last 5 years” and “humans”. Twenty articles were identified, six of which were chosen for this study because they were open access. The review concluded that panoramic radiographs enable early diagnosis of carotid artery calcification, resulting in earlier interventions, and offer an accessible cost.

Keywords

panoramic radiographs; atherosclerosis; early diagnosis

Resumo

Doenças das artérias carótidas estão associadas a casos de acidente vascular cerebral, também chamados de derrame ou isquemia cerebral. Ocorrem devido ao estreitamento ou obstrução das artérias do pescoço, ou artérias carótidas, responsáveis por levar o sangue da aorta para o cérebro. A radiografia panorâmica é um exame de ambos os arcos dentários que ajuda no exame clínico odontológico. Destacar a importância da radiografia panorâmica no diagnóstico de doença arterial é o objetivo deste trabalho, que foi realizado através de pesquisa bibliográfica na PubMed, com as palavras-chave “atherosclerosis” e “panoramic”, e os filtros: últimos 5 anos e humanos. Vinte artigos foram elencados, dos quais seis formaram a base para este estudo, graças ao acesso livre ao seu conteúdo. Conclui-se que a radiografia panorâmica permite o d

Palavras-chave

radiografia panorâmica; aterosclerose; diagnóstico precoce.

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