Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.007216
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Variação anatômica venosa rara em membros inferiores

A rare venous anatomic variation of the lower limb

Melissa Andreia de Moraes Silva, Hanna Fatima Paranaíba Mesquita, Iara Gabriel Carneiro, Arturo Eduardo Krupa, Seleno Glauber de Jesus Silva, Rodolfo Souza Cardoso

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Resumo

A anatomia do sistema venoso dos membros inferiores é uma das mais complexas no corpo humano. Devido a essa condição, é de extrema importância saber identificar variações que possam acometê-la, como as malformações congênitas. Em casos de agenesia de veias profundas, como uma malformação vascular rara, o quadro clínico pode manifestar-se com insuficiência venosa crônica, que pode evoluir com edema, hiperpigmentação e úlcera de membro inferior. Assim, em muitos casos, torna-se uma doença incapacitante e de difícil tratamento. Apresenta-se um caso de agenesia de segmento venoso femoropoplíteo no membro inferior direito em paciente de 36 anos de idade, que cursou com edema e varizes de grosso calibre no membro acometido.

Palavras-chave

veia femoral; veia poplítea; anormalidades congênitas; anatomia; variação anatômica.

Abstract

The anatomy of the venous system of the lower limbs is among the most complex in the human body. In view of this, it is extremely important to know how to identify variations that can affect it, such as congenital malformations, for example. In cases of a rare vascular malformation such as agenesis of deep veins, clinical status may manifest with chronic venous insufficiency, which can progress with edema, hyperpigmentation, and lower limb ulcers. This is very often therefore an incapacitating disease that is difficult to treat. This article describes a case of agenesis of a segment of femoropopliteal vein in the right lower limb of a 36-year-old patient who had edema and large caliber varicose veins in the affected limb.

Keywords

femoral vein; popliteal vein; congenital abnormalities; anatomy; anatomic variant

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