Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.008117
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Variations in the origin and course of the suprascapular artery: case report and literature review

Variações na origem e percurso da artéria supraescapular: relato de caso e revisão da literatura

Rajani Singh

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Abstract

The suprascapular artery is normally a branch of the thyrocervical trunk of the subclavian artery. During dissection of the left upper limb of a female cadaver, aged 70 years and fixed in 10% formalin solution, the suprascapular artery was observed aberrantly arising from the first part of the axillary artery. Later, it coursed obliquely behind the clavicle bone and brachial plexus to reach the suprascapular notch, where it was accompanied by the suprascapular nerve. Then, both suprascapular nerve and artery anomalously traversed beneath the transverse scapular ligament. It then irrigated the supraspinatus muscles and took part in the anastomosis around the scapula. On the contralateral side there was no abnormality. Variations in the origin and course of suprascapular artery are of immense value to orthopedic and vascular surgeons, angiographists, and anatomists.

Keywords

suprascapular artery; axillary artery; suprascapular notch; transverse scapular ligament.

Resumo

A artéria supraescapular normalmente se apresenta como um ramo do tronco tireocervical da artéria subclávia. Durante a dissecção do membro superior esquerdo de um cadáver do sexo feminino com idade de 70 anos fixado em solução de formol 10%, observou-se que a artéria supraescapular tinha origem aberrante na primeira parte da artéria axilar. Mais adiante, a artéria cursava obliquamente por trás da clavícula e plexo braquial até atingir a incisura supraescapular, onde era acompanhada pelo nervo supraescapular. A partir daí, tanto o nervo quanto a artéria supraescapulares atravessavam de forma anômala por baixo do ligamento transverso da escápula. Neste ponto, irrigavam os músculos supraespinhosos e faziam parte da anastomose em torno da escápula. No lado contralateral, não havia anormalidade. Variações na origem e percurso da artéria supraescapular são de grande valor para cirurgiões ortopédicos e vasculares, angiografistas e anatomistas.

Palavras-chave

artéria supraescapular; artéria axilar; incisura supraescapular; ligamento transverso da escápula.

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