Avaliação do risco de sangramento na profilaxia do tromboembolismo venoso
Bleeding risk assessment for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the main preventable causes of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients and fatal pulmonary embolism (PE) may be its first manifestation. Several national and international guidelines recommend using risk assessment models for prescription of VTE prophylaxis in hospitalized patients. Despite evidence and guidelines supporting VTE prevention, use of VTE prophylaxis in hospitalized patients remains suboptimal, which may be because of low awareness of the benefits of VTE prophylaxis, but might also reflect fear of bleeding complications in these patients, since this constitutes one of the main reasons for underutilization of thromboprophylaxis worldwide. Bleeding risk assessment is therefore necessary for adequate prophylaxis prescription and should be carried out concurrently with assessment of the risk of thrombosis. The purpose of this review is to highlight the importance of jointly assessing risk of VTE and risk of bleeding in hospitalized patients.
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