Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.200117
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Review Article

Repercussão da doença arterial periférica na tolerância ao exercício e na qualidade de vida de idosos e o papel da fisioterapia cardiovascular: artigo de revisão

The impact of peripheral arterial disease on exercise tolerance and quality of life in the elderly and the role of cardiovascular physiotherapy: review article

Ana Leticia Gonçalves Lourenço; Josicléia Leôncio da Silva; Jéssica Costa Leite

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Resumo

Resumo: A doença arterial periférica tem como principal sintoma a claudicação intermitente, fator que resulta em incapacidade funcional, comprometendo a qualidade de vida. Esta revisão objetivou fazer um levantamento sobre os impactos ocasionado pela doença nos idosos, investigando as possíveis contribuições da fisioterapia cardiovascular. Para isso, realizou-se uma busca nas bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, Science Direct e PEDro, a qual identificou 7.587 estudos. Desses, sete atenderam aos critérios de elegibilidade, sendo então agrupados e analisados conforme o nível de evidência, grau de recomendação e qualidade metodológica. Pôde-se observar um considerável impacto da doença sobre a tolerância ao exercício e a qualidade de vida. Quanto à abordagem terapêutica desses desfechos, os estudos relataram que houve melhora na deambulação e na qualidade de vida, aumento da capacidade funcional e redução da dor. No que se refere à modalidade de tratamento, a maioria das pesquisas incluíram exercícios aeróbicos.

Palavras-chave

doença arterial periférica, tolerância ao exercício, qualidade de vida

Abstract

The primary symptom of peripheral arterial its intermittent claudication; a condition that causes functional disabilities, compromising quality of life. This review aimed to survey the impacts of this disease on the elderly, investigating possible contributions that cardiovascular physiotherapy has to offer. Searches were run on the MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, Scopus, Science Direct, and PEDro databases, identifying 7,587 studies. Seven of these met the eligibility criteria and were grouped and analyzed according evidence level, recommendation grade, and methodological quality. It was observed that this disease is responsible for considerable impact on exercise tolerance and quality of life. Regarding the therapeutic approach to these outcomes, the studies reported that there were improvements in walking and quality of life, increased functional capacity, and reduced pain. With regard to the treatment modality, most research included aerobic exercises.

Keywords

peripheral arterial disease; exercise tolerance; quality of life.

References

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Submitted date:
06/30/2020

Accepted date:
08/25/2020

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