Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.202102102
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Cross clamping of the supraceliac aorta is effective for bleeding control in ruptured giant splenic artery pseudoaneurysm when proximal and distal control of the splenic artery is not possible: a case report

O clampeamento da aorta supracelíaca é eficaz no controle de sangramento em pseudoaneurisma gigante roto de artéria esplênica quando o controle proximal e distal da artéria esplênica não é possível – relato de caso

Venu Bhargava Mulpuri; Prashanth Gurijala; Bhaskar Reddy Yerolla; Ramavath Krishna; Ananya Pandey; Gopinath Ramachandran

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Abstract

Abstract: Splenic artery pseudoaneurysm is the most common of all the visceral artery pseudoaneurysms. Presentation is often variable and the condition demands immediate diagnosis and management because pseudoaneurysm rupture increases morbidity and mortality. It is associated with pancreatitis and other conditions like abdominal trauma, chronic pancreatitis, pseudocyst of the pancreas, liver transplantation, and, rarely, peptic ulcer disease. We present a case of a giant splenic artery pseudoaneurysm measuring 14x8 cm. Proximal and distal control of the vessels could not be achieved during the procedure because of local adhesions and inflammation and it was necessary to cross clamp the supraceliac aorta to control bleeding.

Keywords

pancreatitis, pseudocyst, pseudoaneurysm, splenic artery, visceral aneurysm, dsa digital subtraction angiography

Resumo

Resumo: O pseudoaneurisma de artéria esplênica é o mais comum entre os pseudoaneurismas de artérias viscerais. A apresentação geralmente varia e requer diagnóstico e tratamento imediatos, pois a ruptura do pseudoaneurisma aumenta a morbimortalidade. Esse tipo de pseudoaneurisma está associado à pancreatite e a outras condições, como trauma abdominal, pancreatite crônica, pseudocisto de pâncreas, transplante de fígado e, raramente, úlcera péptica. Apresentamos um caso de pseudoaneurisma gigante de artéria esplênica, com tamanho de 14x8 cm. Durante o procedimento, não foi possível alcançar controle proximal e distal dos vasos devido a aderências locais e inflamação, sendo necessário o clampeamento da aorta supracelíaca para controle do sangramento.
 

Palavras-chave

pancreatite, pseudocisto, pseudoaneurisma, artéria esplênica, aneurisma visceral, angiografia por subtração digital

References

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Submitted date:
12/08/2021

Accepted date:
07/15/2022

Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV)"> Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV)">
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