Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.210062
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Original Article

Demographic and professional profile of Brazilian women in vascular surgery: final results

Perfis demográfico e profissional de mulheres brasileiras na cirurgia vascular: resultados finais

Fernanda Costa Sampaio Silva; Monique Magnavita Borba da Fonseca Cerqueira; Magno Conceição das Mercês; Flávia Magalhães Silveira Magella; Bárbara Beatriz Couto Ruivo; Marita von Rautenfeld; Roque Aras Junior

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Abstract

Abstract: Background: Gender diversity in health teams is associated with better productivity. As women’s participation in surgery has been growing, it is important to improve knowledge about the elements that guide their professional development.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to outline the demographic and professional features of female vascular surgeons in Brazil.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed, in which a questionnaire was made available online for 60 days. Invitations to participate were distributed by institutional e-mail sent from the Brazilian Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery (SBACV) to associate women surgeons. Results are presented as numbers and percentages. Odds ratios and chi-square tests were used for analysis.

Results: From a total of 810 invitations sent out, 281 questionnaires were completed. The most prevalent age groups were 25-35 years (n = 115) and 36-45 years (n = 114). Among those who worked exclusively in the private sector, 79.8% had at least one board certification (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.65-0.89; p = 0.001). Regarding workload distribution, 64.4% and 34.2% reported that they spend more time in the clinic and hospital, respectively. Respondents with more years of experience reported a predominance of office practice (p = 0.002). Although 67.3% (n = 189) had published scientific papers, 68% (n = 191) had never held leadership roles.

Conclusions: The study respondents consisted of highly qualified women surgeons with respect to training, certification, and scientific engagement, but they remain underrepresented in professional management positions. Surgical societies and health institutions should act to promote inclusive and diverse leadership.

Keywords

medical education, sexism, leadership, surgical specialties, surveys and questionnaires

Resumo

Resumo: Contexto: A diversidade de gênero em equipes médicas está associada a uma melhor produtividade. Com o aumento da participação feminina na cirurgia, é importante conhecer melhor os elementos que orientam o desenvolvimento dessas profissionais.

Objetivos: Delinear as características demográficas e profissionais das cirurgiãs vasculares no Brasil.

Métodos: Estudo de caráter transversal, em que foi disponibilizado um questionário on-line por 60 dias. O convite foi enviado pelo e-mail institucional da Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV) às cirurgiãs associadas. Os resultados são apresentados como números e porcentagens. Os testes de odds ratio (OR) e do qui-quadrado foram utilizados para a análise.

Resultados: De 810 convites enviados, 281 questionários foram respondidos. Os grupos etários predominantes foram 25-35 anos (n = 115) e 36-45 anos (n = 114). Entre as que trabalhavam exclusivamente no setor privado, 79,8% possuíam ao menos um Título de Especialista (OR: 0,76; intervalo de confiança de 95% 0,65-0,89; p = 0,001). Em relação à distribuição da carga horária, 64,4% e 34,2% relataram que passavam mais tempo no ambulatório e no hospital, respectivamente. Entre as com mais anos de experiência, houve predomínio da prática em consultório (p = 0,002). Embora 67,3% (n = 189) tenham publicado artigos científicos, 68% (n = 191) nunca ocuparam cargos de liderança.

Conclusões: As participantes do estudo consistiram em cirurgiãs altamente qualificadas em relação a treinamento, certificação e engajamento científico. No entanto, permanecem pouco representadas em cargos de gestão profissional. As sociedades cirúrgicas e as instituições de saúde devem agir para promover uma liderança inclusiva e diversa.
 

Palavras-chave

educação médica, sexismo, liderança, especialidades cirúrgicas, inquéritos e questionários

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Submitted date:
04/25/2021

Accepted date:
06/13/2021

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