Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/1677-5449.210163
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Pseudoaneurisma roto de artéria ileocólica: relato de caso

Ruptured ileocolic artery pseudoaneurysm: case report

Carolina Vasconcellos Sant’Anna; Felipe Garcia Kuhl; Alane Miranda Leite; Selma Regina de Oliveira Raymundo; André Rodrigo Miquelin; Vitória Acar; Vitor Brumato Fachini; Matheus Rafael Canuti

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Resumo

Resumo: Os aneurismas de artérias viscerais (AAVs) e pseudoaneurismas de artérias viscerais (PAAVs) são condições raras e potencialmente letais quando rotos. Em geral, são encontrados incidentalmente na tomografia computadorizada de pacientes assintomáticos. Embora a cirurgia aberta convencional seja considerada atualmente o tratamento padrão ouro, a abordagem endovascular vem ganhando relevo por ser considerada um procedimento minimamente invasivo e com riscos cirúrgicos menores. Destaca-se, nessa abordagem, o uso de embolização por molas (coils) em AAVs e PAAVs saculares e implante de stent modulador de fluxo como alternativa de tratamento para aneurismas fusiformes. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 51 anos com queixa de dor abdominal aguda, taquicardia e hipotensão, com evidência de sangramento abdominal em angiotomografia e diagnóstico de pseudoaneurisma de artéria ileocólica (AIC) roto. Ela foi submetida a tratamento endovascular precoce de embolização da AIC com sucesso, e houve melhora do quadro clínico.

Palavras-chave

procedimento endovascular, falso aneurisma, artéria mesentérica superior

Abstract

Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) and visceral artery pseudoaneurysms (VAPAs) are rare conditions and are potentially lethal when they rupture. They are usually found as incidental findings on computed tomography (CT) scans of asymptomatic patients. Although conventional open surgery is currently considered the gold standard treatment, the endovascular approach has gained prominence as a minimally invasive procedure with lower surgical risk. In this approach, use of coil embolization in saccular VAAs and VAPAs and implantation of flow-modulating stents constitute alternative treatments for fusiform aneurysms. We present the case of a 51-year-old female patient complaining of acute abdominal pain, tachycardia, and hypotension, with evidence of abdominal bleeding on CT angiography, who was diagnosed with a ruptured ileocolic artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysm. She underwent early endovascular treatment for ICA embolization, which was successful and achieved clinical improvement

Keywords

endovascular procedure; pseudoaneurysm; superior mesenteric artery

References

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