Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/S1677-54492007000300002
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Original Article

Derivação arterial extra-anatômica no segmento aorto-ilíaco: experiência de 15 anos

Extra-anatomical arterial bypass of the aortoiliac segment: 15-year experience

Airton Delduque Frankini; Eduardo Lichtenfels; Angelo Frankini; Tiago Frankini

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Resumo

RESUMO CONTEXTO: As derivações extra-anatômicas, sendo procedimentos cirúrgicos alternativos à cirurgia clássica, têm como principal objetivo simplificar um procedimento de grande porte como a restauração aorto-femoral. OBJETIVOS: Analisar os resultados a longo prazo das derivações extra-anatômicas no segmento aorto-ilíaco. MÉTODOS: Estudo longitudinal retrospectivo envolvendo 79 derivações extra-anatômicas no segmento aorto-ilíaco, realizadas em 75 pacientes, no período de dezembro de 1991 a dezembro de 2006. RESULTADOS: Média de idade foi 64,2 anos, com predominância pelo gênero masculino (64%). A isquemia crítica foi a responsável pela maioria das indicações cirúrgicas (86,1%) e a derivação ilíaco-femoral cruzada representou 41,8% dos casos. Em cinco anos, as taxas de mortalidade geral, perviedade e salvamento do membro foram, respectivamente, de 28%; 70,3% e 67,6% em cinco anos. CONCLUSÕES: As derivações extra-anatômicas devem permanecer como cirurgias alternativas, pois apresentam taxas de perviedade inferiores aos procedimentos que seguem as vias anatômicas naturais além de morbimortalidade considerável. Entretanto, são procedimentos importantes nos casos em que a limitação de ordem clínica ou de natureza local torna difícil ou impede a revascularização por via anatômica. As derivações cruzadas apresentaram perviedade superior às derivações axilo-femorais e as ilíaco-femorais cruzadas revelaram a maior perviedade entre todas (77,3% em cinco anos).

Palavras-chave

Cirurgia, aorta abdominal, prótese vascular, amputação, mortalidade

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Extra-anatomical bypass, which is an alternative procedure to classical surgery, aims at simplifying a complex procedure such as aortoiliac reconstruction. OBJECTIVES: To analyze long-term outcomes of extra-anatomical bypass of the aortoiliac segment. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective study including 79 extra-anatomical bypasses of the aortoiliac segment, performed in 75 patients between December 1991 and December 2006. RESULTS: Mean age was 64.2 years, and male gender was predominant (64%). Critical ischemia accounted for most indications for surgery (86.1%); crossover iliofemoral bypass represented 41.8% of all procedures. Mortality, patency and limb salvage rates were 28, 70.3 and 67.6%, respectively, at five years. CONCLUSIONS: Extra-anatomical bypasses should remain as alternative procedures because of their lower patency rates in comparison to anatomic procedures and considerable morbidity and mortality rates. However, they are important procedures when anatomic revascularization cannot be accomplished due to clinical and local limitations. Crossover bypasses demonstrated better patency rates than axillofemoral bypasses, and crossover iliofemoral bypasses showed the best patency rates of all (77.3% at five years).

Keywords

Surgery, abdominal aorta, blood vessel prosthesis, amputation, mortality

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