Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/S1677-54492012000300003
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Artigo Original

Hérnias incisionais no pós-operatório de correção de aneurisma de aorta abdominal

Postoperative incisional hernias after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

Fábio Hüsemann Menezes; Ana Terezinha Guillaumon

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Resumo

CONTEXTO: A incidência de hérnia incisional no pós-operatório da correção aberta de aneurisma de aorta abdominal é alta, variando de 10 a 37% e mais de três vezes mais comum do que em pacientes submetidos à correção para doença obstrutiva aorto-ilíaca. OBJETIVO: Apresentar a incidência de hérnia incisional em um grupo de pacientes acompanhados no pós-operatório da correção aberta de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. MÉTODOS: Série de casos em uma população de 144 pacientes operados por aneurisma de aorta abdominal, entre junho de 1989 e junho de 2010, e que estão em acompanhamento regular no Ambulatório de Moléstias Vasculares. RESULTADOS: O seguimento médio dos pacientes foi de 63 meses (1 a 238). A idade média foi de 67 anos (45 a 91) e o tamanho médio dos aneurismas foi de 6,54 cm. Foram realizadas 130 laparotomias medianas xifo-púbicas e 13 acessos extraperitoniais pelo flanco esquerdo. Nestes pacientes, a incidência de hérnia incisional foi de 18,5 e 7,7%, respectivamente, para incisões na linha média ou no flanco (p=0,315). Um paciente apresentou abaulamento da musculatura oblíqua por denervação. Foi realizada uma laparotomia transversa, que não apresentou hérnia no pós-operatório tardio. CONCLUSÕES: A incidência de hérnia incisional na cirurgia aberta para correção de aneurisma de aorta abdominal é alta, ocorre com maior frequência em incisões da linha média e tem relação direta com a técnica empregada para o fechamento da aponeurose, exigindo do cirurgião atenção especial para este tempo cirúrgico para evitar a causa mais comum de reoperação em tal grupo de pacientes.

Palavras-chave

aneurisma da aorta, cirurgia, hérnia ventral

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The incidence of incisional hernia in the post operatory of patients submitted to open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is high, ranging from 10 to 37%, and is more than three times higher than the incidence of hernias in patients operated for aorto-iliac occlusion. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of incisional hernia in patients followed-up after open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. METHODS: Case series of 144 patients submitted to open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair between June, 1989 and June, 2010 and routinely followed-up at the vascular outpatient clinic. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 63 months (1 to 238). The mean age was 67 years-old (from 45 to 91). The mean aneurysm diameter was 6.54 cm. There were 130 mid line laparotomies and 13 extraperitonial left flank incisions. The incidence of incisional hernia was respectively 18.5 and 7.7% (p=0.315). One patient presented bulging of the flank musculature. There was one transverse incision, which did not present hernia during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of incisional hernia is high in patients submitted to open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, it is more common in mid-line incisions and is related to the closing surgical technique. The surgeon must be attentive to this surgical step in order to avoid the most common cause of reoperation for this group of patients.

Keywords

aortic aneurysm, surgery, hernia, ventral

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