Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
https://jvascbras.org/article/doi/10.1590/jvb.2014.062
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Case Report

Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk: report of three cases and review of the literature

Dissecção espontânea do tronco celíaco: relato de três casos e revisão de literatura

Ernesto Lima Araujo Melo; Rainne André Siqueira; Francisco Thiago Martins de Paula

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Abstract

Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk is quite an uncommon medical condition, with few case reports in the medical literature. Sudden epigastric abdominal pain is the most common complaint reported by patients, but due to the rarity of this disease in clinical practice and the nonspecific nature of its symptoms, a high degree of clinical suspicion is needed to establish diagnosis. However, improvements in imaging techniques are facilitating diagnosis of this clinical entity, increasing its detection rate. The ideal treatment has not yet been fully established in the literature and the available therapeutic strategies are conservative medical treatment, surgical revascularization or endovascular intervention. In this article we report on three cases of spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk and conduct a review of the literature on this disease

Keywords

dissection, acute pain, celiac artery

Resumo

A dissecção espontânea do tronco celíaco é uma condição médica incomum, com poucos relatos de casos publicados na literatura médica. A dor abdominal súbita no epigástrio é o sintoma mais frequentemente manifestado pelos pacientes; porém, devido à raridade dessa doença na prática clínica e à inespecificidade de seus sintomas, é necessário um alto grau de suspeição para o estabelecimento do seu diagnóstico. Nesse contexto, o aperfeiçoamento das técnicas de exames de imagem vem possibilitando o diagnóstico desta entidade clínica com maior facilidade, aumentando a sua taxa de detecção. O tratamento ideal ainda não está completamente bem estabelecido na literatura, sendo que as estratégias terapêuticas disponíveis são o tratamento médico conservador, a revascularização cirúrgica e a intervenção endovascular. Neste artigo, nós relatamos três casos de dissecção espontânea do tronco celíaco e realizamos uma revisão de literatura sobre esta doença.

Palavras-chave

dissecção, dor aguda, artéria celíaca

References

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