Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Therapeutic Challenge

A novel balloon-assisted technique to secure visceral catheterization during a chimney endovascular repair of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in a centenarian patient

Uma nova técnica assistida por balão para assegurar a cateterização visceral durante o reparo endovascular, com a técnica de chaminé, de um aneurisma de aorta roto em um paciente centenário

Francisco Leonardo Galastri; Leonardo Guedes Moreira Valle; Marcela Juliano Silva Cunha; Bruno Pagnin Schmid; Rodrigo Gobbo Garcia; David Salomão Lewi; Breno Boueri Affonso; Felipe Nasser

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A 100-year-old male patient was admitted with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm due to type IA endoleak. Given the proximity of the ruptured site to the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and renal arteries, a ChEVAR was indicated. Catheterization of the target visceral vessels was a challenging procedural step because of an intensely tortuous thoracic aorta. This hostile aortic anatomy also inhibited exchange for a super stiff guide-wire and selective cannulation with the diagnostic catheter was repeatedly lost when guidewire exchange was attempted. To overcome this issue, a 5 x 40 mm balloon catheter was placed 3cm into the target arteries. The balloon was then inflated below the nominal pressure limit enabling safe exchange for a super stiff guidewire and placement of three 90-cm long 7Fr guiding sheaths. The procedure was thus safely performed with deployment of an aortic extension and the bridging stents.


endoleak, abdominal aortic aneurysm, endovascular procedure, aneurysm, ruptured, aged, 80 and over, case report


Um paciente de 100 anos foi diagnosticado com um aneurisma de aorta abdominal roto por um endoleak 1A. Pela proximidade do ponto de ruptura com a artéria mesentérica superior (AMS) e as artérias renais, um ChEVAR foi indicado. A cateterização das artérias-alvo foi um passo desafiador pela intensa tortuosidade da aorta torácica. Essa anatomia aórtica hostil também impediu a troca por um fio-guia extra-rígido, e a cateterização seletiva foi repetidamente perdida quando a troca de fio-guia foi tentada. Para superar essa dificuldade, um cateter balão 5mm x 40mm foi posicionado nas artérias-alvo. O balão foi, então, insuflado abaixo da pressão nominal, permitindo uma troca segura do fio-guia por um fio-guia extra-rígido e o posicionamento de três bainhas longas 7Frx 90cm. Assim, o procedimento foi executado de forma segura, com o implante de uma extensão aórtica e dos stents recobertos.


endoleak, aneurisma de aorta abdominal, procedimentos endovasculares, aneurisma roto, idoso de 80 anos ou mais


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